efcore 新特性 SaveChanges Events

efcore 新特性 SaveChanges Events

Intro

昨天早上看到之前关注的一个 efcore 的 issue 被 closed ,于是看了一眼, ef core 新合并了一个 PR,在 DbContext 中增加了 SaveChanges 相关的几个事件,具体的变更可以参数 PR http://github.com/dotnet/efcore/pull/21862

Events

之前写过两篇关于 EF Core 做自动审计的文章

第一次的实现需要显式继承一个 AuditDbContext ,在有些需要没办法修改 DbContext 或者原有 DbContext 已经有继承某一个类,就没有办法用了,可以参考 http://www.yinongsl.com/weihanli/p/auto-audit-for-entity-framework.html

后面结合 AOP 改进了一版,通过一个审计切面逻辑完成自动审计,但是需要引入 AOP 组件支持,对于不想引入额外组件的项目来说也并非特别友好,可以参考 http://www.yinongsl.com/weihanli/p/12819634.html

在这个 PR 合并之后,我们可以通过 SavingChanges 事件获取保存之前 DbContext 的状态,通过 SavedChanges 事件来获取保存成功后的 DbContext 信息,SaveChangesFailed 事件获取保存失败信息

事件定义如下:


/// <summary>
///     An event fired at the beginning of a call to <see cref="M:SaveChanges"/> or <see cref="M:SaveChangesAsync"/>
/// </summary>
public event EventHandler<SavingChangesEventArgs> SavingChanges;

/// <summary>
///     An event fired at the end of a call to <see cref="M:SaveChanges"/> or <see cref="M:SaveChangesAsync"/>
/// </summary>
public event EventHandler<SavedChangesEventArgs> SavedChanges;

/// <summary>
///     An event fired if a call to <see cref="M:SaveChanges"/> or <see cref="M:SaveChangesAsync"/> fails with an exception.
/// </summary>
public event EventHandler<SaveChangesFailedEventArgs> SaveChangesFailed;

事件参数定义如下:

/// <summary>
///     Base event arguments for the <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChanges" /> and <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChangesAsync" /> events.
/// </summary>
public abstract class SaveChangesEventArgs : EventArgs
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Creates a base event arguments instance for <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChanges" />
    ///     or <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChangesAsync" /> events.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="acceptAllChangesOnSuccess"> The value passed to SaveChanges. </param>
    protected SaveChangesEventArgs(bool acceptAllChangesOnSuccess)
    {
        AcceptAllChangesOnSuccess = acceptAllChangesOnSuccess;
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     The value passed to <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChanges" /> or <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChangesAsync" />.
    /// </summary>
    public virtual bool AcceptAllChangesOnSuccess { get; }
}

/// <summary>
///     Event arguments for the <see cref="DbContext.SavingChanges" /> event.
/// </summary>
public class SavingChangesEventArgs : SaveChangesEventArgs
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Creates event arguments for the <see cref="M:DbContext.SavingChanges" /> event.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="acceptAllChangesOnSuccess"> The value passed to SaveChanges. </param>
    public SavingChangesEventArgs(bool acceptAllChangesOnSuccess)
        : base(acceptAllChangesOnSuccess)
    {
    }
}

/// <summary>
///     Event arguments for the <see cref="DbContext.SavedChanges" /> event.
/// </summary>
public class SavedChangesEventArgs : SaveChangesEventArgs
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Creates a new <see cref="SavedChangesEventArgs" /> instance with the given number of entities saved.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="acceptAllChangesOnSuccess"> The value passed to SaveChanges. </param>
    /// <param name="entitiesSavedCount"> The number of entities saved. </param>
    public SavedChangesEventArgs(bool acceptAllChangesOnSuccess, int entitiesSavedCount) : base(acceptAllChangesOnSuccess)
    {
        EntitiesSavedCount = entitiesSavedCount;
    }

    /// <summary>
    ///     The number of entities saved.
    /// </summary>
    public virtual int EntitiesSavedCount { get; }
}

/// <summary>
///     Event arguments for the <see cref="DbContext.SaveChangesFailed" /> event.
/// </summary>
public class SaveChangesFailedEventArgs : SaveChangesEventArgs
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Creates a new <see cref="SaveChangesFailedEventArgs"/> instance with the exception that was thrown.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="acceptAllChangesOnSuccess"> The value passed to SaveChanges. </param>
    /// <param name="exception"> The exception thrown. </param>
    public SaveChangesFailedEventArgs(bool acceptAllChangesOnSuccess, [NotNull] Exception exception)
        : base(acceptAllChangesOnSuccess)
    {
        Exception = exception;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// The exception thrown during<see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChanges"/> or <see cref="M:DbContext.SaveChangesAsync"/>.
    /// </summary>
    public virtual Exception Exception { get; }
}

More

除了上面的审计,你也可以使用通过这些事件,实现保存之前的自动更新数据库字段的值,比如 AddUpdate 操作数据时自动设置更新时间等信息

本文提到的特性还未正式发布,预计会在 .net5 下一个预览版中发布,如果想现在要尝试,请使用 efcore 的 daily build 的包,可以参考 http://github.com/dotnet/aspnetcore/blob/master/docs/DailyBuilds.md

Reference

posted @ 2020-08-01 19:45  WeihanLi  阅读(330)  评论(4编辑  收藏